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The Mediterranean Diet


by Anu Saraf, MD, and Jay Zaslow, MD

The Mediterranean diet involves eating patterns typical of countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea. It emphasizes a mostly plant-based diet that includes fruits, vegetables, legumes, whole grains, nuts, seeds, and monounsaturated fats (eg, olive oil). The diet generally allows consumption of small amounts of meat and dairy products. In addition, added salt may be replaced with herbs and spices, and a limited amounts of sweets are allowed.

The Mediterranean diet lifestyle also recommends that ...

The full InBrief includes:

Possible Benefits

Better Evidence

Cardiovascular disease


Weight loss

Other benefits

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Anurag Saraf, MD

Anu earned his MD at New York Medical College, completed his internship at Colorado PSL Medical Center in Denver, CO, and is now completing his residency in Radiation Oncology at Massachusetts General Hospital. His current research interests include patient-reported outcomes, geriatric oncology, machine learning and clinical outcomes, and clinical trial design. His other interests include running, alpine hiking, and painting with Bob Ross. 

Jay Zaslow, MD

Jay A. Zaslow M.D., M.P.H. is a practicing family physician with Open Door Family Medical Centers, a Federally Qualified Health Center, and the Director of Practice Transformation there. He was the founder in 2003 of Puesto de Salud, a health center focused on underserved communities in New York and Connecticut. In addition to teaching family medicine residents at the Phelps Northwell Family Medicine Residency Program, Dr. Zaslow is the Managing Editor of FibonacciMD. Jay received his Bachelor of Science in Neuroscience from Brown University and his Medical Degree from the Alpert Medical School of Brown University. He completed a residency at the Family Medicine Residency Program of Santa Rosa, a UCSF affiliate, where he served as Chief Resident. Dr. Zaslow earned a Masters in Public Health at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.


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